I hold the base position that Judaism is the result of the accumulated and distilled experiences of the Jewish people throughout the millennials of its existence.
Its primary purpose is to serve human needs, a task that has successfully and consistently kept on performing and, that explains in large measure the reason for its perdurance and continuation.
The foundational values harvest during the first thousand years of its existence had been codified in the TaNaKh, Judaism’s foundational literature. This literature not only provides the values but also the language and vocabulary of the Jewish people, (mitzvah, hesed, tzedek, rahmanut…) thus, knowledge of the TaNaKh and Hebrew are basics in Jewish education.
The understanding of God’s role in the world evolves with each generational and historical experience and becomes private between the individual and God (“beyn adam la- Makom”)